The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main is a watershed moment for engineering students all throughout India. As the year 2024 approaches, understanding the complete syllabus for JEE Main becomes increasingly important for students hoping to gain admission to prominent engineering colleges. This article examines the JEE Main 2024 syllabus in depth, drawing on reputable sources to ensure you get the most up to date and thorough information.
JEE Main 2024: The Syllabus Overview
The syllabus for JEE Main is developed by the National Testing Agency (NTA), and it maintains consistent with prior years unless otherwise revised. The curriculum for Classes 11 and 12 is taken on the CBSE curriculum, ensuring a smooth transition from school to competitive test preparation.
Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics
JEE Main Detailed Syllabus Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics for JEE (MAIN) 2024 PAPER 1 for B.E./B.Tech.
Physics Basics and Measuring Stuff
First, we study about measuring things in physics. This includes comprehending the many units we use, such as meters for length or seconds for time, as well as how to measure precisely. We’ll also look at how dimensions are used in physics to see if our formulas make sense.
Following that, we’ll look into kinematics, which is all about movement. We’ll look at how things travel in straight lines and plot their positions over time. We’ll discuss speed and velocity, as well as what happens when objects accelerate up or slow down. We’ll also learn about vectors, which are similar to arrows in that they indicate how objects travel in different directions.
Motion and Forces
In the third unit, we’ll look at how forces create motion, using Newton’s three laws as a guide. We’ll learn about motion and how things react to one another. We’ll also look at friction and how objects move in circles, such as cars turning corners or planets orbiting the sun.
Work and Energy
We’ll look at how putting labor on items, such as pushing a swing to make it move, can change their energy. We’ll study about different types of energy and how energy may change forms without being lost.
This section is all about spinning items. We’ll learn how to compute ‘twistiness’ or torque, as well as how mass is distributed in rotating objects. We’ll also contrast straight line motion with rotating motion.
We’ll look at how gravity pulls apples to the ground and maintains planets in orbit. We’ll also study about the laws that govern how planets travel and how gravity varies as you ascend a mountain or descend deep beneath.
Liquids and solids
We’ll investigate how solid objects and liquids respond to tension, such as stretching a rubber band. We’ll also study about fluid flow and how things like airplanes fly by using air flow.
Temperature and Heat
We’ll learn about heat, temperature, and how energy travels between objects in thermodynamics. We’ll also go over the laws that explain why an egg can’t be unscrambled and how refrigerators function.
We’ll look at the ideal gas law, which describes how gases behave in various environments and how heat impacts gas molecules.
Oscillations & Waves
We’ll study about things that move back and forth or up and down in a regular pattern, such as a pendulum or a guitar string, in this section. We’ll also look at how waves move and interact with one another.
Magnetism and electricity
We’ll begin with static electricity, the kind that causes your hair to stand up when you touch it against a balloon. Then we’ll come to current electricity, which powers our homes and electronics. We’ll also look at magnetism and its relationship to electricity, such as how magnets may generate electricity and vice versa.
Getting Electricity Moving
We’ll discover how shifting magnetic fields can generate electricity and how alternating current differs from direct current generated by a battery.
Waves and Light
We’ll look at how light reflects and bends, as well as how lenses in glasses or telescopes can alter light’s course. We’ll also look at light’s wave nature, which explains colors and patterns.
Big Ideas and Tiny Particles
We’ll examine at how light can behave like both waves and particles, as well as how this concept applies to matter, giving rise to the concept of matter waves.
We’ll take a look into the microscopic world of atoms and nuclei, learning about the forces that hold them together and what happens when they break apart or combine.
We’ll look at semiconductors, which are the building blocks of everything modern electronics, from cellphones to computers.
Finally, we’ll conduct experiments to demonstrate how to measure, observe, and comprehend all of the principles we’ve learnt.
Understanding the Fundamentals of Chemistry
Immerse yourself in the world of chemistry, where everything is made up of small particles known as atoms and molecules. Discover how tiny particles interact to create everything around us, from the air we breathe to the water we drink. Learn about the laws that control how things combine and change, as well as how we can predict the outcomes of these chemical interactions.
Atoms and Molecules: Matter’s Building Blocks
Investigate the amazing structure of atoms, the microscopic particles that make up everything. Learn how light interacts with atoms and how scientists utilize this information to investigate the chemicals that comprise our universe. Learn about the dual nature of matter and the groundbreaking ideas that explain particle behavior at the atomic level.
Molecules are held together by bonds.
Learn how atoms create molecules through bonding, same as magnets can attract or repel each other. These connections can be strong, transferring electrons between atoms, or charge based, like when salt dissolves in water. Discover how molecules’ forms and architectures are predicted by theories that sound like they’re right out of a science fiction novel.
Chemical Reactions’ Energy
Chemistry is about more than simply substances; it is also about energy. Discover how energy is stored and released during chemical processes, as well as how it can be measured and predicted. This knowledge is essential for everything from cooking to driving a car.
Putting Things Together: Solutions and Their Properties
Learn how various substances dissolve, mix, and interact to generate solutions. Learn about the various methods for measuring a solution’s concentration and how this impacts qualities such as boiling and freezing points.
Chemical Equilibrium Balancing Act
Learn about the delicate balance of chemical reactions that can go either way, and how temperature and pressure can affect this balance. This concept is essential for everything from preparing the perfect cup of coffee to comprehending how our bodies work.
Electron Transfer: Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry
Electrons can move from one substance to another, causing reactions that can either power batteries or produce rust. Learn about the flow of electrons in chemical reactions and how it is used to generate energy.
Chemical Kinetics: Reaction Speed
Not all reactions occur at the same rate. Some are over in a blink of an eye, while others take years. Learn what influences the rate of a reaction and how this information can be applied to everything from making a cake to generating life saving drugs.
Elements Organization: Periodic Table and Trends
The periodic table is a library of elements grouped according to their properties. Learn how this arrangement aids in the prediction of the behavior of elements ranging from the metals used to construct skyscrapers to the gasses that fill the air.
Coordination Compounds: Complex Structures
Dive into the realm of complicated molecules, where metals and other elements are arranged in sophisticated ways. These chemicals are not just intriguing riddles; they are also essential in many industrial and biological activities.
Biomolecules and the Chemistry of Life
Complex molecules such as carbohydrates, proteins, and DNA are the foundations of life. Understand the fundamental structure of these molecules and how they interact to make life possible.
Practical Chemistry: From the Laboratory to the Real World
Finally, apply everything you’ve learned in the textbook to the lab. Learn how to identify various compounds and the ideas underlying standard laboratory techniques. This practical experience is what transforms theory into practice, allowing us to make sense of the chemical world around us.
Chapter 1: Understanding Groups and Functions
Learn the fundamentals of grouping numbers and objects (sets) and how they can interact through union, intersection, and other means. Learn about the power of sets and the intricate relationships and functions that connect them, such as one to one and onto functions, as well as how they can be combined.
Chapter 2: Exploring Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations
Explore the universe of complex numbers by picturing them as pairs and understanding how they behave in the mathematical plane. Learn about quadratic equations, their solutions in both real and complex number systems, and their relationships to their coefficients.
Chapter 3: Matrices and Determinants The Foundation
Discover the structure of matrices, their various varieties, and how to manipulate them. Understand determinants, their properties, and their applications in solving linear equations and calculating geometric areas.
Chapter 4: Permutations and Combinations for Counting and Choosing
Learn how to count alternatives and make choices using permutations and combinations. Understand the meaning of P(n,r) and C(n,r), as well as their practical applicability in real world circumstances.
Chapter 5: The Binomial Theorem’s Power
Learn about the binomial theorem, a fundamental concept in mathematics, and its applications. Learn how to identify general and intermediate terms and how to use the theorem to solve issues.
Chapter 6: Sequences and Series – Number Patterns
Investigate the patterns seen in sequences and series, such as mathematical and geometric progressions. Understand the relationship and applications of the arithmetic mean (A.M.) and geometric mean (G.M.).
Chapter 7: Calculus’ Essence – Limits, Continuity, and Differentiability
In calculus, become acquainted with the ideas of limits, continuity, and differentiability. Learn about the various functions and the rules of differentiation, as well as applications that help us grasp rate of change and function behavior.
Chapter 8: Integral Calculus – The Art of Summing Up
Integral calculus teaches you about anti derivatives and fundamental integrals. Learn about various integration techniques and how they may be used to calculate areas and solve problems.
Chapter 9: Solving Differential Equations
Understand ordinary differential equations, their classification, and solutions methods, such as variable separation and linear differential equations.
Chapter 10: Coordinate Geometry – Plane Mapping
Navigate the plane using the Cartesian coordinate system, learning about distance, slope, and line and circle equations. Investigate the properties of conic sections.
Chapter 11: Three-Dimensional Geometry – Space Navigation
Learn how to identify points, compute distances, and grasp lines and planes in three dimensions, including the shortest distance between skew lines.
Chapter 12: Vector Algebra – Direction and Magnitude
Vectors are quantities that have both a direction and a magnitude. Learn how to add them, decompose them, and grasp their scalar and vector products.
Chapter 13: Statistics and Probability – Predicting and Analyzing
Learn about data analysis methods such as mean, median, mode, and measures of variability. Dive into the fundamentals of probability, including theorems and distributions that aid in the prediction of events.
Chapter 14: Trigonometry – Angle Analysis
Using trigonometric functions, identities, and equations, investigate the relationships between angles and sides in triangles. Recognize the characteristics of inverse trigonometric functions.
Mock Tests: Bridging Theory and Practice
Embibe, a learning platform, provides free mock examinations that follow the JEE Main pattern, allowing students to assess their knowledge and readiness for the actual exam.
Strategy for Session Timing and Preparation
The JEE Main 2024 exam will be held twice a year, in January and April. To improve their performance, students must begin their preparation early, focusing on the syllabus and incorporating practice examinations into their study routine.
B.Arch and B.Planning Students’ Syllabus
JEE Main Paper 2 is the entry point for students interested in architecture and planning. Paper 2A is for B.Arch applicants, whereas Paper 2B is for B.Planning candidates. The following topics are included in the syllabus for these papers:
Mathematics Aptitude Drawing/Planning Syllabus Distribution by Class
The JEE Main syllabus is split evenly across the 11th and 12th grades. This balanced approach means that students may prepare methodically over the course of two years.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is the JEE Main syllabus updated on an annual basis?
No, over the past decade, the JEE Main syllabus has been stable, closely mirroring the CBSE syllabus for Classes 11 and 12.
Are NCERT textbooks sufficient for JEE Main preparation?
While NCERT texts provide a solid foundation, the competitive nature of JEE Main necessitates the use of extra reference materials for comprehensive preparation.
The JEE Main 2024 syllabus is a comprehensive framework meant to assess engineering aspirants’ depth of knowledge and application skills. Students can fulfill their engineering aspirations if they have a comprehensive understanding of the course and a systematic approach to preparation.
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